Elizabeth, NJ Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Elizabeth, New Jersey - Basic Facts

The City of Elizabeth is the 4th largest city in New Jersey with a population of 132,408 as of July 1, 2017. Elizabeth ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in New Jersey. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Elizabeth is located at latitude 40.6664 and longitude -74.1935 in Union County. The formal boundaries for the City of Elizabeth (see map below) encompass a land area of 12.32 sq. miles and a water area of 1.14 sq. miles. Union County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 20 feet.

The City of Elizabeth (GNIS ID: 885205) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Elizabeth population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Elizabeth: Elizabeth Town, Elizabeth Towne, Elizabethtown, Elizabets Towne.

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City of Elizabeth, NJ Boundary Map

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Elizabeth, NJ Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 132,408
Daytime Population: Workers 49,404
Daytime Population: Residents 69,172
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 118,576
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 0.90
Population in Households 129,855
Population in Familes 106,705
Population in Group Qrtrs 2,553
Population Density2 10,750
Diversity Index3 82


Median Household Income $43,069
Average Household Income $57,784
Per Capita Income $19,436


Total Housing Units 47,242 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 10,150 (21.5%)
Renter Occupied HU 33,249 (70.4%)
Vacant Housing Units 3,843 ( 8.1%)
Median Home Value $297,049
Average Home Value $311,800


Total Households 43,399
Average Household Size 2.99
Family Households 30,624
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 0.8% 0.78%
Households 0.59% 0.65%
Families 0.59% 0.66%
Median Household Income   1.39%
Per Capita Income   2.66%

Elizabeth, NJ - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Elizabeth to the other 545 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in New Jersey by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 4 99th
Population Density # 32 94th
Diversity Index # 28 95th
Median Household Income # 501 8th
Per Capita Income # 527 3rd

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE New Jersey Census Data Comparison Tool.

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