Elizabeth, NJ Profile: Facts & Data


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Elizabeth, New Jersey - Basic Facts

The City of Elizabeth is the 4th largest city in New Jersey with a population of 132,640 as of July 1, 2018. Elizabeth ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in New Jersey. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Elizabeth is located at latitude 40.664 and longitude -74.2107 in Union County. The formal boundaries for the City of Elizabeth encompass a land area of 12.32 sq. miles and a water area of 1.14 sq. miles. Union County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 20 feet.

The City of Elizabeth (GNIS ID: 885205) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Elizabeth: Elizabeth Town, Elizabeth Towne, Elizabethtown, Elizabets Towne.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Elizabeth 2018 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Elizabeth (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. New Jersey Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. New Jersey Data Comparison Tool - 2018 Demographics

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Elizabeth, NJ Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2018)


Total Population 132,640
Population in Households 130,087
Population in Familes 107,299
Population in Group Qrtrs 2,553
Population Density2 10,769
Diversity Index3 82


Median Household Income $45,670
Average Household Income $60,104
Per Capita Income $20,199


Total Housing Units 47,099 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 10,763 (22.9%)
Renter Occupied HU 32,720 (69.5%)
Vacant Housing Units 3,616 ( 7.7%)
Median Home Value $302,210
Average Home Value $317,363


Total Households 43,483
Average Household Size 2.99
Family Households 30,604
Average Family Size 4
  1. Demographics are point estimates for July 1st of the current year and each for the forecast years. See References for more information.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2018 2018-2023
Population 0.72% 0.63%
Households 0.54% 0.52%
Families 0.51% 0.51%
Median Household Income   2.48%
Per Capita Income   2.91%

Elizabeth, NJ - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Elizabeth to the other 545 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in New Jersey by rank and percentile using July 1, 2018 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 4 99th
Population Density # 32 94th
Diversity Index # 29 95th
Median Household Income # 501 8th
Per Capita Income # 528 3rd

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE New Jersey Census Data Comparison Tool.

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