Salem, NJ Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Salem, New Jersey - Basic Facts

The City of Salem had a population of 5,271 as of July 1, 2017.

The primary coordinate point for Salem is located at latitude 39.5682 and longitude -75.4725 in Salem County. The formal boundaries for the City of Salem (see map below) encompass a land area of 2.34 sq. miles and a water area of 0.47 sq. miles. Salem County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 13 feet.

The City of Salem (GNIS ID: 885385) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Salem population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Salem: Fenwick's Colony, Ferkens Creek, New Salem, Oijtsessing, Salam, Salam Town, Salem Town, Watcessi.

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City of Salem, NJ Boundary Map

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Salem, NJ Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 5,271
Daytime Population: Workers 2,227
Daytime Population: Residents 3,493
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 5,720
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 1.09
Population in Households 5,213
Population in Familes 3,951
Population in Group Qrtrs 58
Population Density2 2,249
Diversity Index3 60


Median Household Income $25,419
Average Household Income $46,709
Per Capita Income $19,934


Total Housing Units 2,695 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 705 (26.2%)
Renter Occupied HU 1,498 (55.6%)
Vacant Housing Units 492 (18.3%)
Median Home Value $114,767
Average Home Value $126,667


Total Households 2,203
Average Household Size 2.37
Family Households 1,288
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 0.33% -0.08%
Households 0.29% -0.13%
Families 0.27% -0.14%
Median Household Income   0.01%
Per Capita Income   2.24%

Salem, NJ - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Salem to the other 545 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in New Jersey by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 250 54th
Population Density # 304 44th
Diversity Index # 149 73rd
Median Household Income # 544 0th
Per Capita Income # 525 4th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE New Jersey Census Data Comparison Tool.

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