New Jersey Gazetteer

New Jersey - Basic Information

Became a State: December 18, 1787 - 3rd State
Population: 8,791,894 (2010 Census) - Ranks 11st
Land Area: 7,354.2 square miles - Ranks 46th
Population Density: 1,195.5 persons per square mile - Ranks 1st
Housing Units: 3,553,562 (2010 Census)
Housing Unit Density: 483.2 housing units per square mile
July 1, 2015 Estimates: New Jersey Data and Demographics
State Capital: Trenton
State Website: Official State of New Jersey Website
New Jersey State Flag
New Jersey state flag

New Jersey History

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The area of New Jersey was part of the original territory of the United States. It was originally chartered in 1664. West Jersey was split from New Jersey in 1676, but they reunited in 1702. New Jersey ratified the U.S. Constitution on December 18, 1787; it was the third of the original 13 states to join the Union, with generally the same boundary as the present state.

Census data for New Jersey are available beginning with the 1790 census.

New Jersey Geographical Areas

See: Geographic Terms & Concepts

Counties & County Equivalents

There are 21 counties in New Jersey.  All of the counties are functioning governmental entities, each governed by a board of chosen freeholders.

Interactive Map of New Jersey Counties | Static Overview Map of New Jersey Counties

County Subdivisions

New Jersey has 571 county subdivisions which are known as minor civil divisions (MCDs).  There are 242 townships with functioning, but not necessarily active, governments.  The 324 incorporated places in New Jersey are independent of any MCD and serve as county subdivisions.  There are also five undefined MCDs representing water area.  All areas of the state have a township government except areas within an incorporated place.  Each town is governed by a mayor and township committee.

Places (Incorporated Cities, Towns & Census Designated Places)

New Jersey has 545 places; 324 incorporated places and 221 census designated places (CDPs). The incorporated places consist of 254 boroughs, 52 cities, 15 towns, and 3 villages.  The incorporated places are independent of county subdivisions.

Alphabetical List of Cities, Towns, CDPs and Other Populated Places
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q, R | S | T | U, V | W, X, Y, Z

New Jersey Civil Features

New Jersey Civil Features: Political Subdivisions, Native Areas, Land Grants, etc. - sorted by Census Class Codes.

Metropolitan and Micropolitan Stastical Areas

There are 4 Metropolitan and 0 Micropolitan Statistical Areas in New Jersey. NJ Metopolitan & Micropolitan Areas

New Jersey ZIP Code Tabulation Areas

There are 595 ZIP Code tabulation areas (ZCTAs) in New Jersey. View New Jersey ZIP Codes and ZIP Code Maps.

School Districts

New Jersey has 282 elementary school districts, 47 secondary school districts, and 233 unified school districts. View New Jersey Public and Private Schools.

Congressional Districts

New Jersey has 12 congressional districts. An interactive map shows the contact information for each Representative as well as the boundaries for each New Jersey district. View Map of New Jersey Congressional Districts.

State Legislative Districts

There are 40 state senate districts and 40 general assembly districts in New Jersey. There is one state house district and one state senate district not defined which are comprised solely of water area.

American Indian Areas

New Jersey has two state designated tribal statistical areas (SDTSAs).

Other Information Of General Geographic Interest

Much of New Jersey’s population is concentrated in the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA and Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD metropolitan statistical areas.  New Jersey is highly urbanized and the average population density is the highest of any other state.

New Jersey Physical, Cultural and Historic Features

  1. New Jersey Physical Features such as lakes, islands, streams, valleys, summits, etc.
  2. New Jersey Cultural Features such as schools, churches, hospitals, parks, dams, reservoirs, etc.
  3. New Jersey Historical Features and New Jersey Historic Landmarks

New Jersey Maps

  • To find a ZIP Code: input the address in the top-left search box of any ZIP Code Map.
  • To find the County: input the address in the top-left search box of the interactive NJ map.
  • To find the School Attendance Zone: input the address in the top-left search box of any NJ school map

New Jersey Census Data Comparison Tool

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