The area of New Jersey was part of the original territory of the United States. It was originally chartered in 1664. West Jersey was split from New Jersey in 1676, but they reunited in 1702. New Jersey ratified the U.S. Constitution on December 18, 1787; it was the third of the original 13 states to join the Union, with generally the same boundary as the present state.
Census data for New Jersey are available beginning with the 1790 census.
See: Geographic Terms & Concepts
Counties & County Equivalents
There are 21 counties in New Jersey. All of the counties are functioning governmental entities, each governed by a board of chosen freeholders.
New Jersey has 571 county subdivisions which are known as minor civil divisions (MCDs). There are 242 townships with functioning, but not necessarily active, governments. The 324 incorporated places in New Jersey are independent of any MCD and serve as county subdivisions. There are also five undefined MCDs representing water area. All areas of the state have a township government except areas within an incorporated place. Each town is governed by a mayor and township committee.
Places (Incorporated Cities, Towns & Census Designated Places (CDPs))
New Jersey has 545 places; 324 incorporated places and 221 census designated places (CDPs). The incorporated places consist of 254 boroughs, 52 cities, 15 towns, and 3 villages. The incorporated places are independent of county subdivisions.
Alphabetical List of Cities, Towns, CDPs and Other Populated Places
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q, R | S | T | U, V | W, X, Y, Z
New Jersey Civil Features
New Jersey Civil Features: Political Subdivisions, Native Areas, Land Grants, etc. - sorted by Census Class Codes.
Metropolitan and Micropolitan Stastical Areas
There are 4 Metropolitan and 0 Micropolitan Statistical Areas in New Jersey. NJ Metopolitan & Micropolitan Areas
New Jersey ZIP Code Tabulation Areas
There are 595 ZIP Code tabulation areas (ZCTAs) in New Jersey. View New Jersey ZIP Codes and ZIP Code Maps.
New Jersey has 282 elementary school districts, 47 secondary school districts, and 233 unified school districts. View New Jersey Public and Private Schools.
For the 111th Congress (January 2009 – January 2011), New Jersey had 13 congressional districts. For the 113th Congress (January 2013-January 2015), New Jersey has 12 congressional districts as a result of reapportionment based on the 2010 Census. View Map of New Jersey Congressional Districts.
State Legislative Districts
There are 40 state senate districts and 40 general assembly districts in New Jersey. There is one state house district and one state senate district not defined which are comprised solely of water area.
American Indian Areas
New Jersey has two state designated tribal statistical areas (SDTSAs).
Other Information Of General Geographic Interest
Much of New Jersey’s population is concentrated in the New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-PA and Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD metropolitan statistical areas. New Jersey is highly urbanized and the average population density is the highest of any other state.