Salem, NJ Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Salem, New Jersey - Basic Facts

The City of Salem had a population of 5,220 as of July 1, 2016.

The primary coordinate point for Salem is located at latitude 39.5682 and longitude -75.4725 in Salem County. The formal boundaries for the City of Salem (see map below) encompass a land area of 2.34 sq. miles and a water area of 0.47 sq. miles. Salem County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 13 feet.

The City of Salem (GNIS ID: 885385) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Salem population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2016.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Salem: Fenwick's Colony, Ferkens Creek, New Salem, Oijtsessing, Salam, Salam Town, Salem Town, Watcessi.

Neighborhood Data

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City of Salem, NJ Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Salem County | New Jersey Counties

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Salem, NJ Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2016)


Total Population 5,220
Population in Households 5,162
Population in Familes 3,904
Population in Group Qrtrs 58
Population Density1 2,227
Diversity Index2 60


Total Households 2,197
Average Household Size 2.35
Family Households 1,281
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 2,708 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 712 (26.3%)
Renter Occupied HU 1,485 (54.8%)
Vacant Housing Units 511 (18.9%)
Median Home Value $108,511
Average Home Value $122,261


Median Household Income $26,303
Average Household Income $45,973
Per Capita Income $19,766
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2015 2015-2020
Population 0.23% -0.01%
Households 0.29% -0.03%
Families 0.23% -0.06%
Median Household Income   -0.04%
Per Capita Income   0.14%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.

Salem, NJ - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Salem to the other 545 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in New Jersey by rank and percentile using July 1, 2016 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 250 54th
Population Density1 # 306 44th
Diversity Index2 # 149 73rd
Median Household Income # 543 1st
Per Capita Income # 524 4th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE New Jersey Census Data Comparison Tool.